This volume contains four essays that summarize four decades of research and writing by the author. The first part delves on the educational contents that made Argentina culturally prone to self-destructive foreign policies during the 20th Century. The second part, based on formerly secret U.S. and U.K. papers, documents the economic boycott and political destabilization of Argentina perpetrated by the United States during the Second World War and its immediate aftermath, as a consequence of the South American country's neutrality. The third part explains Peripheral Realism, the International Relations theory developed by Escudé, based on this historiographical research that gauged the damage accruing to peripheral countries as a consequence of avoidable geopolitical challenges to great powers. Finally, the fourth part brings us to the 21st Century, studying the relations between Argentina, its Jewish Community and Israel, with the United States, Iran, and the 1992 and 1994 terrorist attacks in the background. The author is a Masorti Jew who directs CERES, the research unit of the Latin American Rabbinical Seminar of Buenos Aires.
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, grade: 1,7, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, language: English, abstract: In this term paper I am going to describe the expansion of digital media and why digital media are suitable for learning and teaching in the foreign language classroom in general. Afterwards I am going to specify this extensive subject of digital media and to focus on weblogs, I am going to define and examine weblogs concerning their potential and skills that the foreign language learners may acquire by using this kind of communication platform. Finally, I am going to implement these competencies into practice and introduce a teaching unit which I created with my fellow students within the seminar "Digital Media in the EFLC" at Justus-Liebig-University. This teaching unit focusses on countering stereotypical thinking by using weblogs. Thus, it is necessary to examine why weblogs can be a helpful tool to confront foreign language learners with stereotypical thinking. Over the past decades, the personal computer has become an integral part of modern life in Western society and has entered various sectors of life. Even the rise of the internet and online communication technologies has undoubtedly impacted the way people work and communicate and has become an essential tool for improving the learning process in various fields. Furthermore, Web 2.0 applications such as weblogs are rapidly achieving mainstream adoption in our media culture and have become source of information and reference.
Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1.5, University of Constance, language: English, abstract: The following term paper is a result of the presentation on clause types. This term paper focuses on declaratives, imperatives, interrogatives and exclamatives. With the help of examples from English, the authors are going to highlight the underlying structuresof the four clause types and, whenever possible, provide examples of different languages in a comparative way. Beforehand, a brief overview of the clause and sentence structure will be given.For the use of this term paper, it can be said that a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition . Usually, this is represented as a syntactic construction consisting of subject and predicate.
Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, grade: 1,3, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Fachbereich 05 Department of English and Linguistics), course: TEFL - Teaching Drama, language: English, abstract: This double lesson within a teaching unit dealing with William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice will be held in a grade 12 advanced course at a German High School ('Gymnasium') in Rhineland-Palatinate. The group of 24 students consists of 10 boys and 14 girls between the ages of 17 and 19.
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Münster, language: English, abstract: In this assignment a business is assumed operating across a number of different business units and facing liquidity issues according to its business plan forecast. To investigate the challenge of avoiding insolvency, the paper is divided into four chapters. The first part deals with the fundamentals of insolvency as well as the basics concerning management information systems (MIS). Based on the fundamental information, the main part is focused on tools to defeat the threat of insolvency. Firstly, it will be pointed out how MIS can be used to monitor the triggers of an insolvency. In this connection MIS in terms of risk management systems (RMS) will be discussed. Subsequently, it will be shown how the disposal of a business unit is a further alternative to avoid insolvency. In the final chapter the main results will be summarized.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 10, , course: BACHELORS OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (DUAL HONORS), language: English, abstract: Euro, the common currency of European Union, was launched by 11 of the 15 members of the Union, on January 1, 1999. The Maastricht treaty of 1991, which set the stage for the monetary union, laid down certain eligibility criteria for member countries to join European Monetary Union (EMU), such as maintaining budget deficit, public debt, inflation, long term interest rates and exchange rate within defined limits . The Euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1 (US $ 1.1743). Euro Coins and Banknotes entered circulation on 1 January 2002 .While the Euro dropped subsequently to US $ 0.8252 within 2 years (26/10/2000), it has traded above the US $ 1.5990 on July 15, 2008 . Since late 2009, the Euro has been immersed in the European Sovereign Debt Union Crisis which has led to the creation of 'European Financial Stability Facility' as well as other reforms aimed at stabilizing the currency. In July 2012, the euro fell below US $1.21 for the first time in two years, following concerns raised over Greek debt and Spain's troubled banking Sector. As of June 2012 with more than Euro 906 billion in circulation, the euro has the highest combined value of bank notes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the US $. Based on International Monetary Fund estimates of 2008 GDP and purchasing power parity among the various currencies, the Euro Zone is the second largest economy in the world. The countries whose currencies are in Euro are known as Euro land. In this background, the present term paper will try to explore the emergence, ascent and recent problems being faced by Euro zone. Specifically the objectives of the present study are: To explore the emergence of Euro, to analyse the recent crisis in Euro.
Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,7, University of Göttingen, course: Micro States (Seminar), language: English, abstract: Being socioeconomically successful is a task in itself. However, being socioeconomically successful as a Small State seems to be a more difficult task. If you look at the gross domestic product per capita you might not find a correlation between a low GDP per capita and the smallness of a state. If you take a look at the GDP in absolute numbers you will find a correlation. GDP figures often cover up economic troubles which Small States experience. The problem consists in the higher vulnerability of Small States, in general and economic terms. Briguglio has pointed out how smallness hampers economic growth and/or makes it dependant on others. To give some examples: Small Economies depend on imports from foreign markets because their smallness prohibits the production of any goods beyond agriculture necessities. To benefit from the human productivity rise Small (Island) States often import more than they can export. As a result of that foreign investors are needed to survive the trade deficit in the long run. Moreover, Economies of Scale is not possible and the fix costs are relatively high. If the Small State is an island, remoteness makes the situation even more difficult. Large stocks are necessary and the per-unit transport costs are enormous. Especially Small Islands States are dependant on external markets and external financing if they want a living standard that is near to the average living standard of the world. The literature has mainly pointed out three strategies for tackling vulnerability as a Small Island State: The MIRAB Model, the SITE Model, the PROFIT Model. In particular Bertram and McElroy have put a lot of work into analysing and classifying these concepts. They mainly focussed on small island economies in the Caribic and in Oceania. That leads to the question how small states on dry land tackle their socioeconomic vulnerability. In the investigation of this question here, tha main interest lies on Europe because Europe includes Small States on the continental mainland. A look is taken into the vulnerability index of Briguglio from 1985. Antigua & Barbuda appear first as the most vulnerable state. The following ranks are dominated by caribic and oceanic islands. On rank 16 Malta shows up as the first European country. The next European nations to follow are Cyprus on rank 26 and then Portugal on rank 55.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, grade: 2,0, University of Passau, language: English, abstract: This term paper provides the concept of a teaching unit concerning the short story Everyday Use by Alice Walker. Apart from the different analyses there should also be given an overview of recommendations and possibilities that could be used for creating a teaching unit. Everyday Use was published in 1973 and is basically about a black mother and her two daughters. Whereas one daughter, Dee, had the possibility to go to school and visit college, Maggie, the younger daughter, still lives with her mother and did not enjoy higher education. One day, Dee, who is accompanied by her boyfriend, visits her mother and her sister at her old home. As the story continues it becomes clear that obvious differences have developed between the opinions of Dee and her mother alternatively her sister.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, grade: 1,0, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Englisches Seminar), course: Literaturdidaktik, language: English, abstract: "Reading is like an infectious disease: it is caught not taught. And you can't catch it from someone who hasn't got it himself" (Surkamp/Henseler 2).Although reading is important to develop language skills, the survey PISA 2001 showed that 42% of the German pupils do not think that reading is fun and 31% even think that it is a waste of time. When considering the significance of reading, this is a shocking result. Nevertheless, a reason for this attitude may be the lack of reading motivation among pupils. Developing reading literacy and enjoying reading require the motivation to read. In this context not only the lessons in the mother tongue, but also the teaching of foreign languages must establish this reading motivation and a reading culture.To prove my thesis, I will first give an overview of reasons for the regained belief that literary texts enrich the teaching of foreign languages and designate arguments for deal-ing with literature in class. In doing so, I will furthermore expose aims and functions of literary texts in the classroom and demonstrate developments and approaches in the teaching of literature. In the following part of my paper, I will have a closer look at the textbook "Cornelsen G21 A6" and its unit "Love Reading" which is about literature and reading. In analyzing this unit, I will examine if the aspects mentioned before have been considered and if the recommended approaches to literary texts have been implemented in this course book. At first the analysis of the unit will refer to its structure, the genres which are introduced and the novel "Looking for Alaska" in particular. Afterwards I will study the tasks set in the unit and methods which were applied. Finally the analysis aims at comparing the learning objectives in the unit to the central standards of the 'Kernlehrplan English'. In the last part of my paper, I will summarize and evaluate my findings as well as discuss the actual significance of literature in the EFL classroom in reference to the fourth unit of Cornelsen G21 A6.